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U.S. Supreme Court Interprets Clean Water Act to Apply to Groundwater Discharges that are “Functional Equivalent” of Direct Discharges to Navigable Waters

April 2020 The U.S. Supreme Court has held, in County of Maui, Hawaii v. Hawaii Wildlife Fund, et al., that point-source discharges to groundwater require a Clean Water Act (CWA) permit if the discharge is “the functional equivalent of a direct dis… Read More
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